Facing the legacy of colonization in the South Pacific
Published on: 07-05-2023
In Isaiah 58:6,7, there is a powerful call for integrity among those who claim to worship God.
“Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen: to loose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke? Is it not to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter — when you see the naked, to clothe them, and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood?” (NIV).
The last line asks us to notice each other and not turn away. Why do we need this reminder?
Over time, our brains have a tendency to stop noticing things. For example, after moving into a different apartment two years ago, I thought I couldn’t cope with the sound of children running on the wooden floor above. But within a week, I had tuned much of it out. This ability is useful when it comes to disturbing sounds.
But we can also start to “tune out” disturbing moral information. Incidents that should shock us and inspire empathy, over time, can result in indifference. Have you noticed how easy it is to point out problems in other nations? Mass shootings in the United States, persecution of Uyghur people in China, protestors murdered in Iran — the cruelty of these situations is glaringly apparent to us. But let’s consider what other people may see when they look at Australia.
Consider just three facts about First Nations people in Australia:
In Australia, the age of criminal responsibility is 10 years old, while the international median is 14. This means that police can arrest, strip-search, and imprison children who are only 10 (around grade 3 or 4). In a year, we lock up approximately 600 kids between the ages of 10 and 13. First Nations children make up the majority (65 percent in 2017–2021). Australia has come under repeated international criticism for not raising the age of criminal responsibility.
Add to this the mounting numbers of Aboriginal deaths in custody, the alarming rate of children removed from their families, and a diabetes crisis, and the picture is grim.
Unfortunately, this is a global pattern among First Nations survivors of colonization. Murder, appropriation of land, denial of culture, and the imposition of foreign diets, diseases, and economies produce similar long-lasting damage. Save Tonga, all Pacific countries were colonized. While most have since gained independence, they struggle with a detrimental legacy. Diabetes, for example, is now an epidemic. Pre-colonization, however, it “was virtually non-existent in populations indigenous to the Pacific maintaining a traditional lifestyle.”
In Australia, the state rounded up Aboriginal people and placed them on government reserves or church-run missions. One of these missions was established by the Seventh-day Adventist Church: “Mona Mona” near Kuranda in northern Queensland. It operated between 1913 and 1962 and cooperated with assimilationist state policy of the time. This included accepting children removed from families, keeping parents on the mission fenced away from their own children (who were held in single-sex dormitories), and forbidding the people to speak their own language or practice their culture.
The legacy of the mission is mixed. While some have fond memories, it has also been described as “little more than a prison.” Members of the Stolen Generation brought up at Mona Mona have since sought compensation from the Queensland Government, and the Seventh-day Adventist Church issued a statement of apology in 1997 in response to the “Bringing Them Home” report. One assumes those running the mission at the time had good intentions, but it has also been the source of much pain.*
Does this history — and the current crisis of disadvantage — disturb us? Or have we become — as one poet has put it — “comfortably numb”? Interestingly, Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel asserted that “the opposite of love is not hate, it’s indifference.” Similarly, Martin Luther King Jr observed: “It may well be that we will have to repent in this generation. Not merely for the vitriolic words and the violent actions of the bad people, but for the appalling silence and indifference of the good people.”
So how are we — individually and as a church — to respond to this crisis now? Thinking about the life of Jesus, something becomes apparent: He was an expert “noticer.” It was as though His eyes were especially sharpened to notice the most hurt, the most rejected, wherever He was. Think of the following examples:
Jesus noticed Zaccheus, whom most people despised (Luke 19:1–10);
Jesus noticed the blind beggar, whom others found loud and annoying (Luke 18:35–43);
Jesus noticed an invalid, whom everyone else had abandoned (John 5:1–18);
Jesus noticed a foreign woman, whom the disciples wanted sent away (Matthew 15:21–28).
After noticing these people, Jesus healed them, physically and emotionally, and brought them into the circle of acceptance and love. So, if we want to be like Jesus, we also need to notice the most hurting in our communities and bring them into our circle of love. The question Jesus asks of us is, “Are you the neighbor?” (Luke 10:36–37).
So, what can we do practically as local church members? Here are three suggestions specific to Australia. The same principles could be followed in other countries.
Educate. In order to empathize, we first need to understand. As with many other colonised countries, Australian historians were reluctant to include “unsavory” elements in the national story. Anthropologist William Stanner referred to this as “the great Australian silence” and “a cult of forgetfulness practiced on a national scale.” As such, it’s likely that we didn’t learn a full account of history in our schooling. The Reconciliation Australia and Australians Together websites are two good places to begin.
Connect. Get in touch with local elders via your local Aboriginal Land Council. Build a relationship and find out the community’s needs and how you can support them. Should you wish to learn in a group setting, your church can organize cultural awareness training through your local Aboriginal Land Council.
Respect. Recognize important dates on the First Nations calendar — for example, National Reconciliation Week and NAIDOC week. Acknowledge the land that you are on as part of your church events.
While our brains can “tune out” information, the opposite can also occur. We can begin to notice things we didn’t see before. For example, when you buy a new car, you suddenly notice the same model everywhere. Whatever the track record of your church to date, start engaging with the First Nations community around you — and watch the opportunities grow!
Last year during National Reconciliation Week, Aboriginal Bible worker Doreen Waites shared this: “Doors are opening for people to be educated on how hard our lives are. And God is touching hearts to be a part of our healing. We have longed so much for this. We need loving hearts to help First Nations people see that the only solution to our pain is Jesus Christ.” Her words deeply affected me and reminded me of Paul’s vision of the Macedonian man saying, “Come over to Macedonia and help us!” (Acts 16:9). Can you hear? Can you see? Can you be part of the healing?
May God bless you and your church as you reach out to “be the neighbor.”
*To learn more, read the book “Remembering Mona Mona,” available from the Adventist Book Center, and watch the “Living Black” episode on Mona Mona Mission: sbs.com.au/guide/video/366306371637/Living-Black-S21-Ep12-Mona-Mona-Mission .